A secretary is meant to be the one who retains the secrets and techniques of energy in his cost. That is the way it was up to now, when the place was confused with the situation of being the king’s favourite in flip, that’s, quantity two in every part. It’s also the final secretary of the Spanish Episcopal Convention, since this Wednesday Bishop César García Magán. The statutes of the group thus ponder it. Above President Juan José Omella, very busy along with his dignity as a cardinal and as archbishop of Barcelona, the place facilitates it. Like his 10 predecessors, Magán will coordinate, order, clarify, finalize the doctrinal paperwork, draw up minutes, negotiate with the Authorities and clarify himself to public opinion. Though very declining, the curiosity in what the bishops assume and do continues to be nice, not in useless do they obtain billions of euros from public budgets and they’re the biggest homeowners of belongings within the nation, after the State, along with having an influence enormous within the schooling sector.
It was an open secret that, among the many shortlist of candidates communicated to the press this Tuesday afternoon, the chosen one was going to be Bishop García Magán
It was an open secret that, among the many shortlist of candidates communicated to the press this Tuesday afternoon, the chosen one was going to be Bishop García Magán, by an awesome majority. Bishops vote bishop. Fernando Giménez Barriocanal was on the shortlist, with a powerful load of companies to the Catholic Church, however the prelates are frightened by information. By no means earlier than has there been a layman aspiring to succeed in so excessive. Barriocanal has supplied the prelates with a profitable radio station, COPE, in good standing, in addition to a tv station, La Trece, with out costing them an excessive amount of cash. He has additionally defended, with braveness worthy of a greater trigger, the registration course of, which is inflicting a lot concern in lots of dioceses. It has not been sufficient to interrupt developments.
The historical past of the Episcopal Convention, which was born by mandate of the Second Vatican Council, simply 70 years in the past, may be instructed by the vicissitudes of its normal secretaries. There have been 10, and a few ended badly. The primary, José Guerra Campos, who was from 1966 to 1972 and retired as Bishop of Cuenca, was an enthusiastic Francoist. Prosecutor in Cortes by designation of the dictator, he voted in 1976 in opposition to the Political Reform Regulation that repealed the Basic Ideas of the Motion and gave option to the transition in the direction of democracy. In keeping with this ultramontane perspective, when he left the final secretary, he opposed Cardinal Tarancón, to the purpose of proclaiming that he would by no means set foot on the headquarters of the episcopal convention once more whereas “such a gentleman” presided over it. These have been the occasions of the graffiti with the motto “Tarancón al paredón”.
Guerra was changed by Elías Yanes from the Canary Islands (1972 to 1977), later president of the establishment. He retired as Archbishop of Zaragoza and, though he loved a fame for openness, he rarefied the controversy on the 1978 Structure, insisting that he ought to embrace the phrase God in one among its articles. There isn’t a report that he requested for a vote in opposition to within the constitutional referendum, because the primate of Toledo, Cardinal Marcelo González Martín, did. Tarancón tried to persuade them, with out success, arguing that the elemental legislation of the State of the Holy See doesn’t point out the Catholic Church or God.
The third secretary normal, Jesús Iribarren, who served from 1977 to 1982, was punished by John Paul II for not changing into a bishop. In actuality, the Polish pope, who hated Tarancón, blaming him for the secularization that was advancing in Spain, took revenge in opposition to Iribarren that he couldn’t apply to the charismatic Valencian prelate, well-known within the Vatican for having extracted from Paul VI nothing lower than the decree of excommunication in opposition to Franco and his ministers, who have been able to ship the Bishop of Bilbao, Antonio Añoveros, into exile in March 1974. Franco cried when Tarancón knowledgeable him of the Pope’s resolution and ordered the expulsion to cease. On the identical time that the aircraft that was ready on the Sondica airport (Bizkaia) to take Añoveros out of Spain returned to Madrid, the Ministry of Housing revealed a notice about how a lot Franco had helped the Church and gave the info that, solely in “building and restore of church buildings and different non secular dependencies”, Housing had spent 4 thousand million pesetas since 1942.
Iribarren’s tenure as Secretary Basic lived the preparation for the primary journey of John Paul II
Why did the priest Jesús Iribarren Rodríguez (Villareal de Álava, 1912 – Vitoria, 2000) arouse a lot anger? He got here from afar and had Manuel Fraga Iribarne as a thrower of expletives. Iribarren had directed the journal Ecclesia, over which the official censorship had no energy by mandate of the 1953 concordat, and the Archbishop of Madrid, Casimiro Morcillo, the primary president of the EEC, had entrusted him with the creation and course of a so-called Workplace Spanish Workplace for Info of the Ecumenical Council, between 1962 and 1965. Fraga was then Minister of Info and Tourism and wished to intervene within the communications of that workplace. Iribarren resisted so long as he might, fairly efficiently. The dispute culminated in Fraga’s promise to the seasoned Álava that he would by no means grow to be a bishop. After the council ended, Iribarren wouldn’t observe in Spain, however he would in Paris, the place he was normal secretary of the Worldwide Catholic Union of the Press (1968 to 1972) and would find yourself directing the Journalistes Catholiques journal. Again in Madrid, his time period as Secretary Basic led to the preparation for John Paul II’s first journey. He later recounted that neither he nor Tarancón might alternate phrases with the indignant pontiff, and likewise that the mayor of Madrid, Enrique Tierno Galván, had beforehand supplied him with the Latin speech with which he greeted the Pope within the Gregorio Marañón sq..
The opposite normal secretaries have been both bishops after they have been elected, or they might accede to that dignity shortly after. Most end their careers as archbishops. It was Fernando Sebastián, retired in Navarra. Francis made him a cardinal when he was 84 years outdated. He was secretary between 1982 and 1988. He was succeeded between 1988 and 1993 by Agustín García-Gasco, who then headed the episcopal fee for the Doctrine of the Religion, which is what the Holy Workplace of the Inquisition has been known as since Vatican II. He retired as Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Valencia. Juan José Asenjo, in workplace from 1998 to 2003, was then Auxiliary Prelate to the Primate of Toledo and retired as Archbishop of Seville. Amongst his open secrets and techniques, he stands out for having been, together with Rouco, the architect of the reform of the mortgage legislation of 1944, by which President José María Aznar gave the prelates the privilege of registering in 1998 (that’s, placing his title) the church buildings and cathedrals that the Franco regime had forbidden them. By way of this process, 34,961 new belongings have been appropriated, in accordance with the official investigation carried out by mandate of Congress. Mariano Rajoy abolished in 2015 the privilege granted by Aznar. Asenjo was later prelate of Córdoba, the place he registered the Cathedral Mosque in 2006. Promoted to Seville, he did the identical with the native cathedral, the Giralda and the Patio de los Naranjos.
He will even be Archbishop José María Gil Tamayo, Secretary Basic within the five-year interval from 2013 to 2018 when he was solely a priest. Francisco has simply named him coadjutor of the archbishopric of Granada, with the precise of succession. The final secretary normal, Archbishop Luis Argüello, in workplace till this Wednesday, was auxiliary prelate in Valladolid to Cardinal Ricardo Blázquez, whose resignation the Pope has accepted when he’s 80 years outdated.
The opposite two normal secretaries weren’t promoted. José Sánchez (quinquennium 1993 to 1998), was a chaplain for emigrants in Germany and was a spokesman outdoors the ecclesiastical mannequin prevailing throughout the mandate of the Polish Wojtyla. He was retired as prelate of Sigüenza-Guadalajara. Concerning Juan Antonio Martínez Camino, highly effective Secretary Basic throughout a big a part of the mandate of Cardinal Antonio María Rouco, he was elected in 2003 and has been the one one who has repeated 5 years, till 2013. At this time he’s auxiliary bishop of the Archbishop of Madrid, Carlos Osoro, with none perform, which within the terminology of the Code of Canon Regulation could possibly be known as a “lazy bishop”.
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