The chocolate It is one of the most consumed foods in the world. In fact, more than 8 million tons of chocolate are consumed each year around the world. Chocolate that comes from cacao and this in turn, is grown on continents like Africa o America, but the truth is that perhaps we should start to really appreciate the chocolate and cocoa you consume because quite alarming news about its possible extinction is causing a lot of talk. Now yes, it seems that Chocolate’s days are numbered since it already has an expiration date.
Chocolate’s days are numbered
One of those news that passes on tiptoe, of which we are not aware on a day-to-day basis but that is not so far from happening. With the shortage crisis experienced two years ago and even with the coronavirus pandemic as well as with the most recent inflation going through the roof, we have missed many products in supermarkets… but chocolate has never been lacking. But Can we imagine a world without chocolate? Well, the truth is that it is closer than it seems and nobody is counting it.
The days of the delicacy made food are numbered due to the scarcity of cocoa. In case someone still doesn’t know, it is the main ingredient to make chocolate, either with 85% cocoa or the classic milk chocolate. In this article we tell you, exactly, when it will end and what is the expected date for its end.
What day will the chocolate run out?
The chocolate It is one of the most consumed food products worldwide, since it consumes about 8.5 million tons per year. Although this figure could be sharply reduced in about 20 years.
Virginie Raisson, French geopolitical scientist, who for years was a member of the board of directors of Doctors without borders, the “voice of alarm” was raised about the cocoa harvest in Africa and he already explained it in his book “2038. Atlas on the future of the world”.
According to Raisson in the year 2038 there would be no more chocolate for everyone and could be considered a luxury product. As they point out that the vast majority of the world’s population will be consuming industrial tablets in which cocoa will be replaced more and more for other ingredients such as nuts, sugar, milk, raisins, rice and various types of oil, including palm oil.
The reason there won’t be enough cocoa
The series of several reasons combined would cause the shortage of cocoa, the key product of chocolate. And as Raisson says, the first is that the number of chocolate demand. In China, for example, they have gone from eating 40 grams per person in 2010 to increasing by 75% in 2014.
Secondly, Climate change is another factor to consider. to understand the reason for the end of chocolate. “In order to grow,” Raisson recalls, “cocoa beans need a lot of rain, but the rainy tropical areas are decreasing.”
West Africa currently satisfies more than 70 percent of the world’s demand for cocoa. However, according to experts, this area will be the most affected by climate change. “Climate change will have a significant impact on cocoa production in West Africa by 2030,” said Mark Lundy of the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT). “This means that cocoa planted today will have to adapt to changes in rainfall and higher temperatures over the course of its productive life.”
Can you prevent the chocolate from running out?
Raisson points out that one of the ways to avoid running out of chocolate is develop cocoa beans resistant to climate change. Fortunately, in Africa and Europe there are already several public and private centers dealing with it: in France, for example, the issue is already on the agenda of Inra, the Institut national de la recherche agronomique. The only problem is that for now the chocolate produced with these seeds it doesn’t taste great.
The second, however, is pay more to cocoa farmers, that 90% are small plantation owners and with what they earn they can no longer invest in tools to increase the harvest and lastly, the one who some big brands of the multinational chocolate industry workas they are already doing, towards sustainable production projects.
On the other hand, already in 2016 the World Cocoa Foundation, an organization that brings together the main chocolate producers, announced the launch of a new program aimed at strengthening collaboration between the public and private sectors to address the problem and help farmers adapt. Climate changes require growers to change crops, cultivation strategies and plantation management.
Finally, the objective of the World Cocoa Foundation program is build a resilient cocoa industry that benefits farmers, businesses and consumers. “This new initiative is essential because it provides reliable climate projections and promotes dialogue between individuals, public bodies and donors to optimize investment plans to safeguard the sector,” says the Foundation.
Also, large companies in the sector, such as Lindt & Sprüngli, Mars and Nestléwill use their resources to develop a common strategy to address the impact of climate on cocoa and develop innovations to help farmers to adapt to changing climatic conditions. And not only that, the program of the World Cocoa Foundation is also going to focus on combat deforestation in areas where cocoa is grown.