It is usual to think that the hair loss It is an exclusive problem of adults, linked to the passage of time or the appearance of some pathology. However, the alopecia, the loss of hair and hair in any part of the body, is a condition that also affects children. It is that set of phenomena that is framed within the so-called infantile alopecia a set of realities that are often considered of minor importance because they have mainly aesthetic effects, but there are several capillary anomalies in the pediatric age that it is necessary to know and to pay more attention to.
The Hair has a cyclical growth cycle characterized by three phases. The first is a phase of increase long lasting several years (anagen phase), the second is a phase of transition which lasts a few weeks (catagen phase) and the third is a resting phase of a couple of months (telogen phase).
At the end of each cycle the hair falls out and then gives rise to the growth of a new follicle and at the beginning of a new cycle. This process can be affected by two different ailments: a growth delay or a significant increase (at least 100 per day) of hair that jumps to the final stage of the life cycle.
Alopecia, therefore, can be of two types: scarring or non-scarring.. In the first case, the hair follicle is destroyed and replaced by fibrous tissue; the scarless form, on the other hand, is characterized by conditions that do not permanently damage the hair follicle. We talk about infantile alopecia when a condition of this type occurs in the pediatric age, affecting children from 2 to 10 years of age.
Infantile alopecia: the causes
Infantile alopecia is a set of conditions that cause hair loss in children and adolescents. In children older than 2 years, The most common causes of hair loss are:
Alopecia areata; Tiña; Scarring alopecia; Trichotillomania; Traction alopecia; Telogen effluvium; Anomalies of the hair stem.
Symptoms of infantile alopecia
Infantile alopecia appears suddenly with the appearance of one or more plaques and besides the scalp it can also affect the eyelashes and eyebrows. Ringworm of the scalp can also see a break in the surface of the skin and the appearance of blackheads on the head.
Infantile alopecia: remedies and treatments
Treatment of infantile alopecia Obviously it depends on the cause, extent, age of the child, and the presence of other associated conditions. There is no real cure and all interventions are aimed at reducing the extent of alopecia and speeding up healing times. This can be done via cortisone-based creams and topical products, intralesional injections, antifungal shampoos and intake of systemic corticosteroids.
The psychological aspect should not be underestimated both in the causes and in the management of infantile alopecia, since the aesthetic aspect is not a habit that can be given up. Especially in children, in the delicate phase of growth and confrontation with their peers, having to deal with a condition of this type requires an adequate approach to avoid serious consequences that could compromise the self-esteem, serenity and healthy growth of children.