Today the Swedish Academy awards the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
In the 2022 edition, the winner was the Swedish biologist Svante Pääbo for “his discoveries about the genome of extinct hominids and human evolution.” Pääbo is one of the pioneers in ancient DNA research and creator of a new discipline, paleogenomics. The study of the past through the eyes of genetics is being one of the most fruitful paths, especially to know and understand human evolution. In 2018, Pääbo received the Princess of Asturias award for his work in this field, the Spanish award being, again, a preview of the Nobel Prize. In the previous year’s edition, the winners were David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian, who had discovered the receptors that the nervous system has to detect heat or caresses. In 2020, there were three winners, this time for the discovery of the hepatitis C virus. Its discoverers and saviors of millions of lives were the American virologists Harvey J. Alter and Charles M. Rice and the British Michael Houghton.
The prize is worth ten million Swedish crowns, about 985,000 euros. This award opens the round of announcements this week, which will continue on Tuesday with the Physics award, on Wednesday with the Chemistry award, on Thursday with the Peace award and, finally, the Economics award, which will be announced on Monday. next week.
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