In the medium term, the federal government estimates the need for skilled workers who are missing in the field of quantum technologies at 10,000 to 15,000 full-time employees. This emerges from a response from the executive to a request from the AfD parliamentary group. The leading research ministry refers to figures from the Institute of German Economy (IW) from autumn 2022. Experts are particularly needed in the areas of physics, engineering and computer science as well as technical staff. The shortage of skilled workers in the sector should be seen “in the light of the rapid growth of this technological field and in the context of the generally high demand for skilled workers in scientific and technical professions.” This is “particularly triggered by digitalization and decarbonization and reinforced by demographics.”
Attract foreign skilled workers
According to a government action plan from April, Germany should “take a place at the top of the world” in quantum technologies and thus “secure technological sovereignty”. With the total of around 3 billion euros, the executive wants to ensure that the Republic can catch up with the technology leaders such as Google and IBM in quantum computing, among other things. In order to meet the need, the research department is now primarily referring to existing programs to recruit qualified specialists from abroad. The Skilled Immigration Act and the reform of the EU Blue Card could help, for example.
“The development of quantum technologies is a highly knowledge-, research- and capital-intensive economic sector,” writes the executive. The level of energy costs, on the other hand, plays a subordinate role. All departments contributed to the action plan. Quantum technologies are also important for the business areas of the Digital Ministry, which the AfD falls short. The technology could support the transmission of large amounts of data in real time for autonomous driving or climate monitoring and weather forecasts.
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