India, as host of the G20, has declared ecological issues as its top priority, and increasing renewable energy is one of the crucial means to achieve the planet’s ultimate ecological goal: slowing temperature rise.
The G20 countries have declared an ambitious agreement to “continue and promote efforts” to triple their renewable energy capacities by 2030, a goal contained in the summit’s final declaration. India, as the host of the G20, has declared ecological issues to be its top priority.
The drastic increase in renewable energy is described as one of the crucial means to achieve the planet’s ultimate ecological goal: stopping/slowing temperature rise.
“It is essential that we invest in biofuels with the lowest carbon footprint. These are the second generation advanced biofuel pathways, rather than the crop-based biofuel pathways that compete with land and have a very significant impact on emissions” said Jane O’Malley, a researcher at the International Council on Clean Transportation.
However, there is a catch: biofuels are, roughly speaking, the burning of bioagricultural residues. Its “carbon footprint” may be smaller than that of fossil fuels, but it is still significant. And to produce biofuels it is necessary to have non-renewable resources, such as land. So there is room to improve technologies to make these things cleaner and less harmful to agriculture.
At the same time, the G20 was criticized for failing to reach an agreement that would reduce countries’ dependence on fossil fuels.
The phasing out of coal and oil is not even mentioned in the final declaration. Instead, there is a line that favors “reduction and elimination technologies.” These are technologies that, in general terms, allow CO2 to be “trapped” before it reaches the atmosphere and bury it somewhere.
Hardline environmentalists blame these technologies for being an “excuse” to continue extracting fatty coal and juicy oil.
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