The Government completely rejected the idea that amnesty could be granted to the separatist leaders convicted for the illegal 1-O referendum. “It does not fit in the Constitution,” said the then Minister of Justice, Juan Carlos Campo, on June 23, 2021, after Pedro Sánchez’s Executive granted pardons to the coup plotters convicted in the Supreme Court for 1-O. .
«No, amnesty does not fit because, furthermore, this is a technical but very revealing issue, amnesty is oblivion. The pardon does not forget, what it tells us is ‘I forgive you, but to build a better future and that is why I condition it on you’. “These are the foundations that the Government is laying,” Campo said in an interview with Al Rojo Vivo on La Sexta. The question asked by the presenter of this space, Antonio García Ferreras, was the following: “When they (the separatists) say amnesty and a self-determination referendum, what does the Government say?”
Amnesty does not fit.
Because amnesty is oblivion.
There is no forgetting here.
The pardon does NOT forget.
This is a pact between Spaniards to build a better future.
— PSOE (@PSOE) June 23, 2021
The then Socialist Minister of Justice also rejected the idea of holding an independence referendum in Catalonia. «The amnesty and the referendum do not fit because this is an agreement between Spaniards, not a sector of the Catalan population. It is important to know what they say, but the referendum route to disengage… this was a pact between all Spaniards and, therefore, all Spaniards would have to speak,” defended Juan Carlos Campo.
“Is that an impassable red line?” Ferreras asked him, to which the minister responded as follows: “It is the Constitution and legality and the Government is always with legality and with the Constitution.” The PSOE shared these statements by Juan Carlos Campo through its official social media channels.
Campo was Minister of Justice with Sánchez at the head of the Government from January 13, 2020 to July 12, 2021. Since January 9 of this year, he has been a magistrate of the Constitutional Court after being appointed by the Sánchez Government, despite from criticism from the opposition and from Podemos, his partner in the Executive.
«Elections or pact»
The amnesty is one of the conditions that Junts and ERC ask of Sánchez to vote in favor of his investiture and so that he can continue leading the Executive. Separatism estimates around 4,000 people “retaliated” for 1-O and other criminal cases. In addition, the secessionists also ask for an independence referendum agreed with the Government, in this case, of Sánchez.
The escaped former president of the Generalitat Carles Puigdemont made clear his conditions to support an investiture of Pedro Sánchez: the amnesty, the recognition of the 1-O referendum as an exercise of the right of self-determination and the figure of a mediator to account for compliance of the agreements. This was stated this Tuesday in an appearance before the media in Brussels. “We have not endured all these years to end up saving an investiture,” stressed the MEP and leader of Junts.
Puigdemont set out his conditions for negotiating the investiture of any candidate for the presidency of the Government. Demands that can only be accepted by Pedro Sánchez, as he has been demonstrating in recent years. For now, Puigdemont assured that “today the conditions do not exist to reach the great agreement” demanded by those who “wildly applied 155”, after making it clear that there are only two alternatives: “Elections or pact with us.”
A day before, the second vice president of the acting Government, Yolanda Díaz, met with Carles Puigdemont in Brussels. It was a three-hour meeting held in the European Parliament. Díaz did not include this meeting in her official agenda. The objective of the meeting was to negotiate Junts’ support for a hypothetical investiture of Pedro Sánchez.
Díaz promised Puigdemont that Sánchez’s Executive will explore “democratic solutions” for Catalonia. In this way, the leader of Sumar copied the language of separatism (“political conflict”), avoided citing the amnesty for those convicted and prosecuted for the 1-O coup, as well as the right to self-determination that Puigdemont claims as conditions for support Sánchez’s investiture, and preferred to wrap everything under the euphemism of “democratic solutions.”
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