Scientifically called Artemisia absinthium, wormwood is a herbaceous species of the Asteraceae family. It is a medicinal plant that has been used for various purposes throughout history, one of the main ones being absinthe distillate. Considering all these properties, you have surely wondered how to grow wormwood.
Before going into the details, you should know that you obtain a rhizomatous perennial plant with very thin vertical stems detaching in a vertical direction. Its leaves are striking, as greenish – although some are grayish – as they are delicate.
Basic aspects of growing wormwood
Varieties of the species
This is a species that grows especially in sunny areas such as the Mediterranean, so it gets along well with warm climates. Of course, if the prevailing weather in your area is colder, you can look for variants from regions with lower temperatures. Fortunately, there are enough varieties of wormwood so that everyone can get the one that best suits their garden.
The soil and location
The ideal wormwood soil should be dry and remain drained. It would be perfect if it wasn’t too compacted because its roots need space to develop. As for location, sun exposure is not a problem for this class of plants. Aware of this, autumn is a very good time to grow it in temperate zones; like the center and south of the country.
Wormwood does not need a lot of humidity, and is used to surviving with little water. You should only water it moderately. During winter you have to reduce the risk to a minimum, and even if you are going out for several days it is a bad idea to flood the ground.
Sowing, from plants
It is best to start sowing from the plant and not from seeds, especially if you do not have experience in the matter. By doing it this way it is easier to multiply a specimen through division by rhizome, and the chances that always exist that the seeds will not prosper are reduced. Then, if you are successful, you can also try sowing from seeds.
Fertilization and collection of wormwood
Fertilization should be carried out before cultivation, mixing mature manure or compost with the soil. This procedure can be reinforced once a quarter to strengthen the plant. Finally, the harvesting period is just before flowering. We advise harvesting them during the summer, those first yellowish flowers immediately begin to appear.
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