The popular Pedro Rollán (Madrid, 54 years old) was elected president of the Senate this morning in a vote without suspense or breaking news on the brink of the ballot box, as has happened in Congress. The absolute majority of the PP has made possible the election in the constitutive session of the Upper House, which has been held in the Old Sessions Hall, where 259 of the 266 senators have sat (208 are elected and 58 appointed by regional parliaments). that make up the second reading assembly, since seven autonomics corresponding to the communities of Murcia, Aragon, Asturias, La Rioja and Navarra remain to be named. Rollán was about to be the only candidate to receive votes, since the rest of the ballots deposited in the wooden and glass ballot box in the Senate were blank, except for three, which were for Ángel Pelayo Gordillo Moreno, the leader from Extremadura of the Vox ultras, whose resignation facilitated the right-wing alliance that the regional government gave to the popular María Guardiola. The result has been 142 votes in favor of Rollán, 3 for Gordillo and 114 blank.
The constitution session of the Senate of the XV legislature began after ten in the morning, simultaneously with the opening of Congress. The first thing has been the formation of the Age Table, chaired by the most veteran senator in the chamber, Martín Sans, of the PSC. The four youngest senators accompanied him as secretaries: Jan Pomés and Mario Soler, as first and second secretaries, both from the PSC; José Ángel Alonso, from the PP, third secretary, and Fabián Chinea, from the Gomera Socialist Association (ASG), fourth secretary.
The 142 votes obtained by the PP represent 12 votes more than the absolute majority, set at 130, given that there are only 259 accredited senators out of the 266 that make up the Upper House. The other candidate who was running for the Presidency was Ángel Pelayo Gordillo, from Vox, who added the three votes of his three senators. The Socialists, with 88 seats, have decided to vote blank, like the rest of the parties in the Chamber, for which a total of 114 blank votes have been added.
The senator from Más Madrid, Carla Antonelli, has valued this Thursday the “educational” treatment of Rollán, who she hopes will continue to maintain that spirit as president of the Senate, because, as she has said, when “you get to the charges people become strangers.” “I have known him since the Assembly, he is a man who can be talked to and I hope that as president he will continue to maintain that spirit,” she stressed, reports Europa Press.
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In the elections held on July 23, the formation led by Alberto Núñez Feijóo obtained 120 elected senators, which together with its 23 parliamentarians by regional designation mean that it has a large absolute majority of 143 seats. In contrast, the PSOE lost representation and obtained 73 seats in the Upper House. To them would be added the 19 seats that it has by autonomous designation, so it would be left with 92 senators.
The third force will be the coalition of ERC and Bildu, with seven senators, to which are added the four parliamentarians that they already have by regional designation. Different cases are those of Sumar and Vox, who did not win seats in the Senate on 23-J, but they do have parliamentarians by regional designation, three in the case of Vox and one in the case of Sumar, thanks to Compromís.
Popular leaders have advanced that they will use the upper house as a retaining wall against the action of the Government and its investiture partners if the acting president, Pedro Sánchez, obtains the necessary support to repeat in office. In this hypothesis, the Popular Party could slow down legislative activity and activate investigative commissions in the Upper House. The PP will not have the capacity to overthrow the laws that come to it from Congress. What the popular parliamentary group, with its absolute majority, could cause is to lengthen the procedures for its definitive publication in the BOE. The Upper House must deliberate on texts already approved by Congress in a limited and brief time: two months normally and 20 days in the event that the processing has been declared urgent. It is at that moment when the PP could act to slow down the process, through a veto or partial amendments.
To completely reject a law, an absolute majority is required, which is enjoyed by the popular. While for amendments, a simple majority is enough. In both cases, the text then returns to Congress. The deputies can lift the veto, in a first vote, by absolute majority.
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