Spanish universities lose places in the Shanghai ranking, the best-known international university ranking in the world, which was published this Tuesday. Of the 40 campuses that appeared in the top 1,000 last year (this year there are 38), 19 drop, 2 rise and 19 remain. And the only one classified among the top 200, the University of Barcelona, falls to the next step (between positions 201-300). The Autónoma de Barcelona, the Complutense de Madrid, and the de Valencia also descend to the range of positions 301-400.
The top 10 positions are still occupied by eight US universities, led by Harvard (followed by Stanford and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology) and two British universities, Cambridge (fourth) and Oxford (seventh). The first EU university in the ranking is Paris-Saclay (ranked 15), a merger of several campuses (including the Sorbonne) that the French government promoted a few years ago.
Spanish universities among the top 1,00020232022Barcelona201-300151-200Granada201-300201-300Autónoma de Barcelona301-400201-300Autónoma de Madrid301-400301-400Complutense de Madrid301-400201-300Pompeu Fabra30 1-400301-400Valencia301-400201-300Valencia Polytechnic401-500401-500Basque Country401-500301 -400Alicante501-600601-700Navarra501-600501-600Salamanca501-600501-600Seville501-600401-500Vigo501-600501-600Madrid Polytechnic601-700601-700Jaume I601-700601-7 00La Laguna601-700701-800Oviedo601-700701-800Santiago de Compostela601-700401-500Balearic Islands601- 700701-800Zaragoza601-700501-600Polytechnic of Catalonia701-800701-800Lleida701-800701-800Extremadura701-800601-800Málaga701-800701-800Murcia701-800701-800Rovira i Virgili701-800601-700Pablo de Olavide801-900601-700Castilla-La Mancha801-900701-800Girona801-900801 -900Jaén801-900701-800Carlos III901-1000901-1000King Juan Carlos901-1000901-1000Cádiz901-1000901-1000Alcalá901-1000801-900Cantabria901-1000901-1000Córdoba9 01-1000801-900Valladolid901-1000901-1000
The ranking, officially called the Academic Classification of World Universities, has been prepared every year since 2003 by Jiao Tong University, located in Shanghai, China. The score is determined by factors such as the number of a university’s faculty and alumni who have received the Nobel or Fields Medal (the top prize in mathematics), highly cited researchers on its staff, and other indicators of quality and amount of research you do.
This system for calculating the quality of academic centers, similar to that of other rankings, can, however, be tricked, as revealed by the investigation published this year by EL PAÍS, which revealed that Saudi Arabia paid Spanish scientists to declare that They carried out their work mainly in universities in that country, in such a way as to artificially improve their international position.
Spanish universities, as the Spanish rectors remind each year when the ranking is published, have much less funding than the best-ranked universities. And the calculation method also penalizes relatively young centers such as, in the Spanish case, such as the Carlos III University, or that are so focused on the field of science and technology.
The classification once again shows the strength of the East, and especially that of China, in whose country the ranking is made. A university in this country, Tsinghua (ranked 22), has displaced Tokyo (26) as the leading academic center in Asia.
China has 214 universities in the top 1,000 in this year’s edition, when five years ago there were 146. In parallel, in 2018 217 centers from the United States appeared in the ranking, while this year there are 187.
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